by Heather Landis
During World War II many residents of London slept and lived in London’s Underground to protect themselves from nightly aerial attacks from German Zeppelin airships and Gotha bombers. During this stressful time the London Underground became a safe haven. Other sources of nightly protection were “open secret” deep level shelters built along the Tube stations. Although the living environments weren’t ideal, they did protect residents during the worst attacks.
Children were especially susceptible during this time. Their education was disrupted and everyday amenities like milk, food and medical services became scarce. Most children were unaccompanied and had to adapt to this situation on their own. The underground is not only a staple of daily life for Londoners; it defined the relationship between a city and its generations.