North America ~ Writing Sistemsby Stop::mashina ~Runes
ABOUT THE ART
Inuktitut syllabics (Kanada – orange) is a writing system used by the Inuit in Nunavut and in Nunavik, Quebec. In 1976, the Language Commission of the Inuit Cultural Institute made it the co-official script for the Inuit languages, along with the Latin script.
The Cree script (Kanada-yellow) is a syllabary used by nearly all Cree-speaking First Nations in Canada. Initially an invention of the English missionary James Evans to create a non-Latin writing system for Cree and Ojibwe, it was readily adopted because its appearance was unlike that of the Latin alphabet and therefore free of the stigma of colonialism.
The Futhark (Kanada, Greenland - red) is the oldest form of the runic alphabets. It was a writing system used by Vikings and Germanic tribes. Vikings voyaged to points in North America, ca. 1000–1400, as they attempted to expand trade. Around the year 1000, several Viking expeditions established villages in North America. The settlements were quickly abandoned, leaving little evidence of their existence behind, though Vikings likely continued to voyage to the North American continent for several hundred years.
The earliest known inscriptions in the Latin alphabet date from the 6th century BC. It was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC.
The Cherokee syllabary (USA - pink) was invented by George Guess/Gist, a.k.a. Chief Sequoyah, of the Cherokee, and was developed between 1809 and 1824.
The Epi - Olmec (Mexico - yellow) culture was a cultural area in the central region of the present-day Mexican state of Veracruz, concentrated in the Papaloapan River basin, a culture that existed during the Late Formative period, from roughly 300 BCE to roughly 250 CE. Epi-Olmec was a successor culture to the Olmec, hence the prefix "epi-" or "post-". Although Epi-Olmec did not attain the far-reaching achievements of that earlier culture, it did realize, with its sophisticated calendrics and writing system, a level of cultural complexity unknown to the Olmecs.
The Aztecs, or Mexica as they called themselves, were the elite of a militaristic empire centered at Central Mexico.
The Aztecs originated in the semi-arid environments of northern Mexico as one of the many barbarian or "Chichimec" tribes. When they arrived at the fertile Valley of Mexico at 14th century CE, they found the land already settled and divided by city states. As a result, the Aztecs adopted a writing system that had been used for many centuries before and shared by many of the other nations of Central Mexico.
The Maya people created the longest lasting civilization of the New World. The Maya writing system (Mexico - orange) had an extensive set of phonetic signs that represented syllables rather than individual sounds like in alphabetic systems.
In addition to syllabic signs, the Maya script also has a large number of logograms, signs that represent words or morphemes (basic units of meaning) in the language instead of sounds.
There are about 60 Zapotecan languages spoken in Mexico. They are part of the Oto-Manguean family of languages and there is mutual intelligibility between some of them. About half a million people speak these languages in southern Mexico.
Between 500 BC and 1000 AD an ancient form of Zapotec was written with a logophonetic script somewhat similar to Mayan.
More info: www.omniglot.com / www.ancientscripts.com
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